The Effects of Democracy’s Broken Promise in Kate Chopin, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Nella Larsen, and Virginia Woolf

Christine Zabala


Beginning with turn of the century through early Modernism writing in response to changes in women’s rights, this essay will focus on a critical examination of The Awakening, “The Yellow Wallpaper,” “Mrs. Dalloway in Bond Street,” and Passing. The emphasis will be on the impact of women’s suffrage on women’s voices and the way these voices are perceived by a male-dominated democratic system. The early writings demonstrated the expectation that women’s suffrage would translate the ability to vote into a meaningful voice in said system. However, later texts have revealed this expectation to be a false promise. This essay uses Virginia Woolf’s A Room of One’s Own as a critical lens through which to read these works.


Gender Studies; Voting rights

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