The acute effect of vibration training on leg press performance is modulated by and interaction of frequency, soft tissue stiffness and leg fat content.

Sylvain Grenier

Abstract


Twelve male subjects aged 20-30 were recruited in order to determine whether leg muscle stiffness (rectus femoris, biceps femoris, tibialis anterior and gastrocnemius) and segmental leg fat percentages have an effect on the number of leg press repetitions performed after being subjected to four separate vibration treatments of varying strength (30Hz, 35Hz, 40Hz and 50Hz). Muscle stiffness was determined by an unexpected leg drop and examining the logarithmic rate of decay of the oscillations produced with use of accelerometers. Relative leg segment fat content was determined using a skinfold measurement at the thigh and calf. Subjects performed maximum number of leg press repetitions at 70% of their one repetition maximum after exposure to each  vibration treatment. A type II multi-way ANOVA with a Tukey post-hoc test was used to identify differences between groups. Significant differences existed between frequency of vibration treatments, segment leg fat content and leg press repetitions performed. There were significant interactions between muscle stiffness and leg fat content as they affect the outcome measure of leg press repetitions. Likewise between type of vibration treatment and leg  fat content as they affect the outcome of leg press repetitions. These results may aid individuals interested in maximizing performance for a short-term, high intensity event. This may also provide insight into interpersonal differences affected by vibration.


Keywords


Resonance, vibration transmission, PowerPlate, training, muscle tuning

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.12922/jshp.v5i1.116

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