Living Within Our Limits: A Defense of the Fall

  • Adam Green Azusa Pacific University
  • Joshua Morris Azusa Pacific University


In this paper, we use the biology of pain and Augustinian insights into the relationship between physical and spiritual death to give a defense of the Fall. If we think of pain as, biologically, a limiting system but one that interacts with advanced rationality in such a way as to create a new experience of one’s biological limits, then one can use Augustine’s treatment of our experience of physical death as both a consequence and a symbolic check on our moral and spiritual condition to give an account of the Fall that is consistent with evolutionary theory.

Author Biographies

Adam Green, Azusa Pacific University

Associate Professor

Philosophy Department

Azusa Pacific University

Joshua Morris, Azusa Pacific University


Biology Department

Azusa Pacific University