Vincent Leys, Victoria Fernandez, Danker Kolijn


Agitation from swells and long waves can pose serious challenges for harbours, in terms of both infrastructure design and operations. Wave gauge observations from Atlantic Canadian harbours of varying sizes were used to assess how combinations of basin dimensions and external wave forcing may lead to swell agitation, resonance, and scour problems. This paper summarizes how basin resonances were investigated with field observations, analytical methods, and then phase-resolving numerical models. The case studies illustrate how resonance mitigation may require substantial (and sometimes impractical) changes in harbour layout. Swell and scour mitigation may be more readily achieved by modifications or additions to existing structures.

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