REALISTIC SIMULATION OF INSTANTANEOUS NEARSHORE WATER LEVELS DURING TYPHOONS

Fabien Rétif, Frédéric Bouchette, Patrick Marsaleix, Jiing-Yih Liou, Samuel Meulé, Héloïse Michaud, Li-Ching Lin, Kao-Shu Hwang, Nans Bujan, Hwung-Hweng Hwung, SIROCCO Team

Abstract


3D hydrodynamic simulations were performed on an area extending 600 km off Taiwan island for the period running from September 2011 to December 2012. We covered a winter Monsoon season and a summer season with 17 typhoons recorded. By comparing simulations and measurements during the TALIM typhoon, our model reproduces correctly the storm surge observed along the Wan-Tzu-Liao sand barrier (South-West Taiwan). By a modelling approach, we analyzed the regional hydrodynamic mechanisms which control the sea surface elevation at the Chung-Chin harbour. Tide is the dominant forcing of the water level with more than 1 meter above the mean sea level. Global currents contribute up to 80 cm to the water level but during the SAOLA typhon, the elevation reached 1 meter. The contribution of atmospheric forcings is lower but it can generate 30 cm of elevation (e.g. during GUCHOL and TALIM typhoons)

Keywords


instantaneous water level; wind; wave; current; typhoon; extreme phenomena

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.9753/icce.v34.waves.17