OVERTOPPING FLOW CHARACTERISTICS AT EMERGED AND OVER-WASHED DYKES

Sara Mizar Formentin, Barbara Zanuttigh, Jenstje Van der Meer, Javier Lara

Abstract


In the design of coastal defenses and in the estimate of their vulnerability a key aspect is the realistic prediction of the characteristics of the overtopping waves. In fact hydrodynamic forces on landward-side slopes largely depend on the distribution of instantaneous overtopping wave volumes, flow thicknesses and flow velocities. For emerged conditions, flow depths and velocities over the dike crest can be described by existing theoretical models, while for zero freeboard and submerged conditions there are some indications regarding the discharge and the flow characteristics in the literature but not systematically verified. Scope of this contribution is the characterization of the flow over smooth dike crests in case of frequently overtopped and over-washed based on a numerical database of more than 80 tests obtained with the Rans-Vof code (IH-2VOF) developed by the University of Cantabria on a smooth structure varying wave attacks, crest freeboard, seaward and landward slopes.

Keywords


overtopping; overflow; flow depth; flow velocity; smooth dike; numerical modelling

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.9753/icce.v34.structures.7