María Clavero, Montserrat Vílchez, Dulce Pérez, María Izaskun Benedicto, Miguel Angel Losada


This work studies the interaction of a composite breakwater and irregular waves as a function of the breakwater geometry and wave characteristics. For this, tests in a flume wave were carried out. The model consisted of a composite breakwater with rectangular cross section and with the width, foundation depth and stone diameter varying in order to know their influence in the breakwater behavior. Results show that reflection coefficient increase with B/L (where B is the width of the dike and L is the wave length) until a maximum value (saturation point) from which it is constant or decreases slightly. Before this point, reflection coefficient depends on breakwater geometry and wave characteristics and when the dike reaches the saturation regime, it only depends on stone diameter or porosity. The value of the sea water elevation at the wall and the horizontal pressure depends on the reflection coefficient. Finally, the relationship between horizontal and vertical forces is linear depending on the reflection regime. This analysis shows that energy distribution is the main variable to know the structural behavior of a dike. Based on these results, a methodology to obtain the loads over the composite breakwater is proposed.


composite breakwater; reflection coefficient; porous media; design method

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