Feng Gao, Clive Mingham, Derek Causon


Extreme wave run-up and impacts on monopile foundations may cause unexpected damage to offshore wind farm facilities and platforms. To assess the forces due to wave run-up, the distribution of run-up around the pile and the maximum wave run-up height need to be known. This paper describes a numerical model AMAZON-3D study of wave run-up and wave forces on offshore wind turbine monopile foundations, including both regular and irregular waves. Numerical results of wave force for regular waves are in good agreement with experimental measurement and theoretical results, while the maximum run-up height are little higher than predicted by linear theory and some empirical formula. Some results for irregular wave simulation are also presented.


extreme wave; monopile; numerical simulation; wave run-up; wave force

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