Adel M. Kamel


In south central Louisiana non-reactive liquid effluents are introduced into man-made relatively straight prismatic canals which are comparatively narrow and have brackish watpr To study the flushing pattern of liquid effluents introduced into those canals (or eptuanes), a one-dimensional numerical model is considered for a simplified system consisting of a long straight gently sloping reach with a sinusoidal tidal variation at the mouth of the estuary, sinusoidal tidal v^iation with a phase lag and an attenuated amplitude at the upstream end, a variable inflow hydrograph, and a variable inflow or outflow. For this system, the continuity and momentum eauations are solved numerically by an explicit finite difference scheme. The output of the model describes the spatial and temporal variations in flow velocity (also in water depth and discharge) from which the flushing pattern is obtained for a liquid effluent introduced at any time during the tidal cycle at any section along the estuary. The numerical model is applied to Charenton drainage canal m south central Louisiana and good agreement is obtained between the velocities and stage elevations predicted from the model and recorded in the field. An IBIV 360/65 computer is utilized.


flushing; effluents; non-reacting effluents; flushing pattern

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9753/icce.v12.%25p