Susumu Araki, Kazuo Ishino, Ichiro Deguchi


The horizontal and vertical components of the fluid force and pressure acting on a girder bridge due to tsunami like a solitary wave are measured in a hydraulic experiment and their characteristics are discussed. The peak of the impact fluid force is estimated on the basis of the change in the added mass of the structure. The wave pressure acting on the seaward side of the girder of the bridge is also estimated. The critical force for the stability of the girder bridge is estimated as the strength of bolts used in the shoes against shear stress.


tsunami; wave pressure; impact force

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