Ralf Kaiser, Heiko Knaack, Marco Miani, Hanz Dieter Niemeyer


Climate change adaptation strategies for coastal protection are examined with the help of mathematical models in the Ems/Dollart Estuary in consideration of different climate scenarios. The Ems Dollart Estuary is located at the Dutch German border in the southern North Sea, a coastal area which has suffered from enormous land losses due to medieval storm surges.
Since then the medieval retreat was partly reduced by successive land reclamation following the development of salt marshes.


climate change; coastal protection; adaptation; storm surges

Full Text:



ComCoast. 2006. Innovative flood management, solutions and spatial development - A wider approach in coastal management. ComCoast Brochure

ComCoast. 2008. The Future of Flood Risk Management - Aguide to Multifunctional Coastal Defence Zones. ComCoast Guide

Herrling, G., H. Knaack, R. Kaiser, and H. D. Niemeyer. 2010. Evaluation of Design Water Levels at the Emsnd Dollard Estuary Considering the Effect of a Storm Surge Barrier. Proceedings of 32 International Conference on Coastal Engineering,ASCE Homeier, H. 1970. Die Sturmflutkatastrophe Weihnachten 1717 in Ostfriesland und angrenzenden Gebieten, in: Reisefibel, Forschungsstelle für Insel und Küstenschutz (in German)

IPCC 1990. Strategies for Adaption to Sea Level Rise. Report of the Coastal Zone Management Subgroup. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Response Strategies Working Group

Niemeyer, H. D. 1994. Hydrodynamical Investigations for Coastal Protection Measures, Case Study Ley Bay. Proc. Int. Conf. Hydrodyn. '94, Wuxi/China

Niemeyer, H. D. 2005. Coastal Protection Of Lowlands: Are Alternative Strategies Purposeful for Changing Climate? Proc. of the 14th Biennial Coastal Zone Conference, New Orleans

Streif, H., and R. Köster. 1978. The geology of the German North Sea coast. Die Küste, 32

Veenstra, H. 1976. Structure and dynamics of the tidal area. In: J. Abrahamse et al.: Wadden Sea. K. Wacholtz, Neumünster (in German)

Woth, K., R. Weisse, and H. von Storch. 2006. Climate change and North Sea storm surge extremes: An ensemble study of storm surge extremes expected in a changed climate projected by four different regional climate models. Ocean Dynamics, 56, 3-15.http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10236-005-0024-3

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9753/icce.v32.management.2