Norimi Mizutani, Tomoaki Nakamura


Behaviors of a drifted vessel due to a tsunami and the reflection of the tsunami from a quay wall are investigated in this paper based on experiments and numerical analysis. It is found that the height of the quay wall has a great influence on the reflection, and hence the tsunami run-up. It is also revealed that the vessel can be run up on the apron when the water depth at the quay wall is larger than the draft of the vessel.


tsunami; drifted vessel; reflection

Full Text:



Amsden, A. A. and F. H. Harlow. 1970. A simplified MAC technique for incompressible fluid flow calculation, Journal of Computational Physics, 6, 322-325.

Fujii, N., T. Fukuyama, S. Inagaki, T. Ikeya, K. Yanagisawa, and M. Oomori. 2007. Experimental study on variability in drifting behavior due to tsunami and its evaluation method, Annual Journal of Coastal Engineering, JSCE, 54, 241-245 (in Japanese).

Ikeno, M., N. Mori, and H. Tanaka. 2001. Experimental study on tsunami force and impulsive force by a drifter under breaking bore like tsunamis, Proceedings of Coastal Engineering, JSCE, 48, 846-850 (in Japanese).

Inagaki, S., T. Ikeya, M. Omori, N. Fujii, T. Mukohara, and K. Hatayama. 2008. Model experiment and simulative prediction on slipping and drifting of oil storage tank by tsunami, Annual Journal of Coastal Engineering, JSCE, 55, 276-280 (in Japanese).

Kunugi, T. 2000. MARS for multiphase calculation, CFD Journal, 9(1), IX-563.

Masuda, M., K. Masuda, T. Ikoma, and H. Maeda. 2009. A study on prediction of behavior of floating structures in the vicinity of a wharf induced by tsunamis, Annual Journal of Civil Engineering in the ocean, 25, 81-86 (in Japanese).

Matsutomi, H. 2009. Contribution of dynamic pressure to fluid force and probability distribution of collision force of floating bodies due to tsunami inundated flow, Annual Journal of Coastal Engineering, JSCE, 56, 836-840 (in Japanese).

Nakamura, T., Y. Kuramitsu, and N. Mizutani. 2008. Tsunami scour around a square structure, Coastal Engineering Journal, JSCE, 50(2), 209-246.

Xiao, F., T. Yabe, T. Ito, and M. Tajima. 1997. An algorithm for simulating solid objects suspended in stratified flow, Computer Physics Communications, 102, 147-160.

Yuki, Y., S. Takeuchi, and T. Kajishima. 2007. Efficient immersed boundary method for strong interaction problem of arbitrary shape object with the self-induced flow, Journal of Fluid Science and Technology, JSME, 2(1), 1-11.

Yeom, G. S., T. Nakamura, A. Usami, and N. Mizutani. 2008. Study on estimation of collision force of a drifted container using fluid-structure interaction analysis, Annual Journal of Coastal Engineering, JSCE, 55, 281-285 (in Japanese).

Yeom, G. S., N. Mizutani, K. Shiraishi, A. Usami, S. Miyajima, and T. Tomita. 2007. Study on behavior of drifting containers due to tsunami and collision forces, Annual Journal of Coastal Engineering, JSCE, 54, 851-855 (in Japanese).