Lei Ding, Qing-He Zhang


The 3-D lattice Boltzmann method was applied to characterize roughness effects of oscillatory boundary layer flow over a rough bed. The direct numerical simulation was carried out and the flow resistance of the flat and fixed bed was investigated. The position of the theoretical bed, equivalent roughness height and the behavior of friction factor at small values of relative roughness were obtained using the log-fit method.


lattice Boltzmann method; oscillatory boundary layer; equivalent roughness height; friction factor

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