Xiaojing Niu, Xiping Yu


A numerical model for the interaction between waves and muddy seabed is developed, in which the motion of the movable mud and the motion of water are solved simultaneously. The governing equations for both water and the mud are the continuity equation and the equations of motion for incompressible fluids. Water is treated as a Newtonian fluid, while a visco-elastic-plastic model is used to describe the rheology of the mud. Both the interface between water and the mud and the free water surface are traced by the VOF (Volume of Fluid) method. The numerical method is based on the well-known SMAC method. The numerical model is applied to simulate wave propagation over a muddy slope, and the numerical results are in reasonable agreement with the experimental data. The present model is proved better performance than the traditional analytic model in case that topography change is not negligible.


wave; muddy slope; numerical model; non-Newtonian fluid

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.9753/icce.v32.waves.27