Salmonella Dublin diagnostics for the field veterinarian

  • Elisha Frye Animal Health Diagnostic Center, Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine, Ithaca, NY 14853
Keywords: diagnostics, host-adapted, Salmonella Dublin

Abstract

Salmonella Dublin is a zoonotic, multi-drug-resistant bacteria. It is host adapted in cattle, and carrier animals shed bacteria in feces and milk, acting as a reservoir for the herd. Salmonella Dublin causes septicemia in young calves, who present with a high fever, increased respiratory effort and acute death. Diag­nosing Salmonella Dublin in an acutely infected calf requires aseptic collection of a blood culture sample, storage at room temperature or in an incubator, and overnight delivery to a vet­erinary diagnostic laboratory. Diagnosing Salmonella Dublin post-mortem requires submission of one or more of the follow­ing organs for aerobic culture: lung, kidney, lymph node, liver or spleen. These samples should be refrigerated or frozen and delivered overnight as well. Feces and gastrointestinal samples have low sensitivity for recovering Salmonella Dublin and are not recommended in clinical suspects. Surveillance or monitor­ing for Salmonella Dublin antibodies can be performed with the Salmonella Dublin ELISA. Appropriate samples include serum, individual milk samples and bulk tank milk samples. Serocon­version time and age of animal impact the sensitivity of the Sal­monella Dublin ELISA.

Published
2021-10-09
Section
Dairy Sessions