An Examination of the Effect of Team Cohesion, Player Attitude, and Performance Expectations on Simulation Performance Results

William J. Wellington, A. J. Faria


The present study examines the relationship between team cohesion, participant attitudes, and performance expectations with actual performance in a simulation competition. Importantly, these measures were not only taken at the beginning and end of the competition, but during each decision-making period. The rigorously controlled experiment involving 389 students found a strong relationship between beginning team cohesion and performance expectations and final game performance but little relationship between beginning participant attitudes and game performance. Further, while student attitudes and performance expectations changed over time in relation to game performance, team cohesion did not.

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