THE HYDRAULIC MODEL AS AN AID IN BREAKWATER DESIGN

Robert Y. Hudson, L. Frank Moore

Abstract


The complexity of wave-action phenomena and the complicated geometry of most harbors usually make it impossible to obtain adequate answers to design problems by an analytical approach. Except for the most elementary wave-action problems, the general experience and judgment of the engineer cannot be utilized effectively. Indeed, this method of approach to harbor problems has led to designs which not only failed to alleviate wave-action conditions, but, instead, actually intensified them. It is the intent of this paper to show how the small-scale hydraulic model can be an effective tool in the planning of harbor development and in the design and layout of breakwaters to provide protection from wave action.

Keywords


physical modeling; harbor; breakwater

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