DESIGN OF DETACHED BREAKWATERS FOR COASTAL PROTECTION: DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATION OF AN ADVANCED NUMERICAL MODEL

Theophanis V. Karambas

Abstract

An advanced nonlinear wave, sediment transport and bed morphology evolution 2DH model, for the design of coastal protection structures, has been developed. The extended Boussinesq equations, including higher order non-linear terms, which can describe the propagation of highly nonlinear waves in the shoaling region, surf and swash zone, are used. The bed and suspended load transport are estimated with a quasi-steady, semi-empirical formulation, developed by Camenen, and Larson (‘A unified sediment transport formulation for coastal inlet application’, Technical report ERDC/CHL CR-07-1, US Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, MS, 2007) for an oscillatory flow combined with a superimposed current under an arbitrary angle, involving phase-lag effects in the sheet flow layer. Model results are compared with experimental data (morphology evolution behind detached breakwaters). The agreement between numerical simulations and data is quite satisfactory. Also, model predictions agree with the tombolo/salient criteria found in the literature. The methodology can be applied to the design of detached breakwaters, which are used as coastal protection structures.

Keywords

detached breakwaters; coastal protection; structures; numerical modeling; Boussinesq model; sediment transport

References

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