INFLUENCE OF A INFRASTRUCTURE ON TSUNAMI INUNDATION IN A COASTAL CITY: LABORATORY EXPERIMENT AND NUMERICAL SIMULATION

Sungwon Shin, Kwang-Ho Lee, Hyoungsu Park, Daniel T. Cox, Kyuhan Kim

Abstract


Laboratory experiments were conducted for tsunami inundation to an urban area with large building roughness. The waterfront portion of the city of Seaside which is located on the US Pacific Northwest coast, was replicated in 1/50 scale in the wave basin. Tsunami heights and velocities on the inundated land were measured at approximately 31 locations for one incident tsunami heights with an inundation height of approximately 10 m (prototype) near the shoreline. The inundation pattern and speed were more severe and faster in some areas due to the arrangement of the large buildings. Momentum fluxes along the roads were estimated using measure tsunami inundation heights and horizontal fluid velocities. As expected, the maximum momentum flux was near the shoreline and decreased landward. 3D LES (Large Eddy Simulation) model with two-phase flow was used to compare its simulation results with experimental results. The model results of tsunami heights qualitatively agreed with the data collected from the experiment.

Keywords


tsunami; inundation; experiment; numerical modeling; large eddy simulation; momentum flux

References


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