MODELLING STORM IMPACT ON COMPLEX COASTLINES. WESTKAPELLE, THE NETHERLANDS

Robbin van Santen, Henk Steetzel, Jaap van Thiel de Vries, Ap van Dongeren

Abstract


Regular dune safety assessments in the Netherlands are presently based on a 1D model approach, which is insufficiently applicable for more complex coastal areas with structures, tidal channels or spatially strong varying bathymetry. These situations require more advanced methods to assess the safety in dune areas. In this study a 2DH XBeach model (Roelvink et al., 2009) is applied as a demonstration for a complex coast, and a comparison is made with results obtained from a 1D model approach, using 1D XBeach and 1D DurosTA (Steetzel, 1993). For this specific test-case the coastal area near Westkapelle (in the south-western part of the Netherlands) is selected, since this location is considered to be ‘complex’ for regular safety assessment studies. The near-shore zone is characterized by a (spatially) strongly varying bathymetry, due to the presence of tidal flats and channels, and a strongly curving coastline. Moreover, the Westkapelle-area is protected by both coastal structures and sandy dunes, such that transition zones exist, which are difficult to assess with a 1D model approach. It is demonstrated that a 2DH model approach enables detailed analysis of the effect of alongshore processes on (dune-) erosion. From model comparisons it is concluded that significant differences are found between simulated erosion-volumes for 1D and 2DH models, when considering the impact of normative storms on complex coastlines.

Keywords


storm impact modelling; dune erosion; safety assessment; complex coastline; XBeach; DurosTA; DUROS+; Westkapelle; the Netherlands

References


Rijkswaterstaat, Ministerie van Verkeer en Waterstaat. 2007a. Voorschrift Toetsen op Veiligheid VTV2006. [In Dutch]

Rijkswaterstaat, Ministerie van Verkeer en Waterstaat. 2007b. Hydraulische Randvoorwaarden HR2006. [In Dutch]

Roelvink, D., A. Reniers, A. Van Dongeren, J. Van Thiel de Vries, R. McCall, J. Lescinski. 2009. Modeling storm impacts on beaches, dunes and barrier islands, Coastal Engineering, 56, 1133-1152.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.coastaleng.2009.08.006

Steetzel, H.J. 1993. Cross-shore transport during storm surges. Ph.D. Thesis, Delft Technical University.

Van der Werf, J., R.B. Van Santen, M. Van Ormondt, C. Brière, A. Van Dongeren. 2011. Operational model to simulate storm impact along the Holland Coast. Conference paper for Coastal Sediments,Miami, USA, 2011.

Van Thiel de Vries, J., A. van Dongeren, R. McCall, A. Reniers. 2010. The effect of the longshore dimension on dune erosion. Proceedings of 32nd Conference on Coastal Engineering, Shanghai, China, 2010.


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