Thomas Lykke Andersen, Jentsje W. Van der Meer, Hans F. Burcharth, Sigurdur Sigurdarson


The present paper deals with stability of berm breakwaters designed to be hardly or sometimes partly reshaping. Burcharth (2008, 2011) showed by comparison to the performance of a prototype berm breakwater that the Van der Meer formulae for stability of conventional rock armour including low crests could predict the deformations of the front slope in terms of the eroded area. The present paper verifies the method by comparison to model test results. It is found that the Van der Meer formula for plunging waves predicts very well the eroded area of the reshaped profile, even if it is applied in the surging wave area. Moreover, a simple method to estimate the erosion area based on recession formulae and the depth of intersection of reshaped and initial profile is presented and is applicable for hardly reshaping to fully reshaping. Even when using the only very simple and inaccurate estimate of the depth of intersection the last method leads to scatter quite similar to the first method when considering hardly and partly reshaping berm breakwaters. The influence of the slope angle is though expected to be more correctly included for hardly reshaping breakwaters using the method for straight non-overtopped slopes when the slope angle is 1:1.5 or flatter.


breakwaters; berm breakwater; stability; damage; recession


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