BREAKWATER DAMAGE IN OKUSHIRI PORT DUE TO THE HOKKAIDO NANSEI-OKI EARTHQUAKE TSUNAMI

Katsutoshi Kimura, Yuzo Mizuno, Hirochi Tsuruya, Yasuyuki Nakagawa

Abstract


A tsunami caused by the Hokkaido-Nansei-oki earthquake struck Okushiri Island and the southwest coast of Hokkaido damaging many port facilities. This paper describes typical breakwater damage at Okushiri Port and the applicability of Tanimoto's formula for tsunami wave forces on vertical walls based on prototype failure analyses and the result of numerical simulations. The armor stability and the rubble mound scourings were examined from the results of 3-D model tests at a scale of 1/15. The damage patterns at the narrow opening of breakwaters were reproduced by the tests. The necessary weight of armor blocks and foot-protection blocks for breakwater heads were calculated by the C.E.R.C. formula using averaged flow speed at the peak of tsunami.

Keywords


breakwater; breakwater damage; Okushiri Port; Kokkaido Nansei-Oki; earthquake; tsunami

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