MATHEMATICAL MODELS FOR WAVES AND BEACH PROFILES IN SURF AND SWASH ZONES

Akira Watanabe, Mohammad Dibajnia

Abstract


The paper presents mathematical models for wave deformation and for beach profile change in the surf and swash zones. Boussinesq-type equations including a breaker-induced energy dissipation term (Watanabe et al., 1994) is extended to the swash zone by introducing a periodically moving shoreward boundary. Computation is made on the wave deformation on constant slope beaches, particularly on the runup and run-down heights as well as the wave heights at the still water shoreline, which are compared with existing formulas. Beach profile change is computed with the sediment transport rate formula proposed by Dibajnia and Watanabe (1992) after a further generalization, together with Lagrangian treatment for the sediment motion in the swash zone, using the near-bottom velocity obtained from the wave computation. The validity of the models is examined through comparisons with measurement data obtained in large wave flume experiments.

Keywords


mathematical model; beach profile; surf zone; swash zone

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