THE APPLICATION OF LOAD-CELL TECHNIQUE IN THE STUDY OF ARMOUR UNIT RESPONSES TO IMPACT LOADS

Hans F. Burcharth, Zhou Liu

Abstract


The slender, complex types of armour units, such as Tetrapods and Dolosse are widely used for rubble mound breakwaters. Many of the recent failures of such structures were caused by unforeseen early breakage of the units, thus revealing an inbalance between the strength (structural integrity) of the units and the hydraulic stability (resistance to displacements) of the armour layers. Breakage is caused by stresses from static, pulsating and impact loads. Impact load generated stresses are difficult to investigate due to non-linear scaling laws. The paper describes a method by which impact loads on slender armour units can be studied by load-cell technique. Moreover, the paper presents Dolos design diagrams for the prediction of both breakage and hydraulic stability.

Keywords


impact load; load cell; armor; armor unit; armor response

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