ARTIFICIAL SAND FILLS IN WATER

J. van 't Hoff, M.B. de Groot, J.C. Winterwerp, H. Verwoert, W.T. Bakker

Abstract


Experience has been obtained on the construction of sand fills in water as part of several types of structures in the Netherlands. These include the following: (closure) dams, artificial islands or coastal extensions, covering of pipelines, trench back fills and the foundation of submerged tunnels and caissons. Rijkswaterstaat (Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Watermanagement) Dutch contractors, research institutes and consultancy firms have been involved in the research, design and construction of a large number of projects in the Netherlands and abroad. In-depth research was carried out especially within the frame work of the preparations of a number of Delta closures constructed with sand. After the completion of the Deltaworks it seemed important not to leave this knowledge scattered over many study reports and design and evaluation notes, but rather to summarize the data and experience in a manual (Van 't Hoff (ed.) et al, 1992) issued by the Council of the Centre for Civil Engineering Research, Codes and Specifications (CUR).

Keywords


fill; sediment fill

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