NEW TYPES OF SHORE PROTECTION. POSSIBILITIES OF APPLICATION ALONG THE COAST OF FRANCE

P. Monadier, F. Ropert, B. Bellessort, J. Viguier

Abstract


The first part of this article gives an overview of the development works that have been carried out to date along the French coast, covering types, operating principles and impacts. A "philosophy" is identified with regard to the schemes implemented so far and those recommended for the future: rather than static structures that resist the action of the sea, it would often be preferable to substitute dynamic structures and schemes that work in harmony with it. Much research is being carried out on designs of this type. An analysis and summary of this work is given in the second part of this article. Most such work is currently at the experimental stage and no "miracle" solution has been found so far. Local conditions must be examined carefully before deciding to use any of the new alternatives being proposed.

Keywords


France; shore protection

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