OBSERVATION OF DIRECTIONAL WAVE SPECTRA AND REFLECTION COEFFICIENT OF BREAKWATER IN A HARBOR

Tetsunori Ohshimo, Kosuke Kondo, Tsunehiro Sekimoto

Abstract


Field investigations were performed in order to show the effect of wave diffraction by breakwaters through directional wave spectra measurements in a harbor, and to estimate the reflection coefficient by resolving the incident and reflected wave energy in front of a composite type breakwater. Combinations of an ultrasonic wave gage (USW) and an electromagnetic current meter (EMC) were used to measure the synchronized data of the water surface elevation and two horizontal velocities. The EMLM (Extended Maximum Likelihood Method) was applied for the calculation of the directional wave spectrum, and the modified EMLM for an incident and reflection wave field was applied for the estimation of the reflection coefficient. Through the estimated directional wave spectra, the effect of wave diffraction by breakwaters were discussed and the reflection coefficient was estimated at about 0.9. As a result, the applicability of the field investigation method and the modified EMLM were verified.

Keywords


wave spectra; directional spectra; reflection coefficient; breakwater; harbor

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