WAVE BASIN EXPERIMENTS ON BOTTOM FRICTION DUE TO CURRENT AND WAVES

Paul J. Visser

Abstract


Results are presented of experiments in a wave basin on the increase of the mean bottom frictional stress in a flow when a wave field is superimposed on a current. The bottom friction was derived from the mean water level measured at various places. Measurements of wave orbital and mean current velocities were done both with a micro-propeller and with a new type immersible Laser Doppler Anemometer. The data indicate an increase of the mean bottom shear stress due to the presence of the waves, but less than predicted by Bijker (1967). A suggestion is made to improve the accuracy of this theory. The bottom stresses as predicted by Fredsoe (1984) are somewhat larger than the, experimental results.

Keywords


wave basin; basin experiments; bottom friction; wave/current interaction

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