A REVIEW OF BREAKWATER DEVELOPMENT IN AUSTRALIA

D.N. Foster

Abstract


Prior to 1970 rubble mound breakwaters in Australia were armoured with rock or concrete rectangular prisms. Model testing was rarely undertaken. During storms some damage to the breakwaters was tolerated with repairs being undertaken as and when necessary. This procedure is still successfully used today. However since 1970 there has been a move towards designing breakwaters to minimise or eliminate maintenance and to optimise costs. This paper reviews some of the less conventional developments that have taken place over this period, with references to reports and papers for those who wish to obtain more detailed information on any of the projects.

Keywords


breakwater; breakwater development; Australia

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