SOME TECHNIQUES TO CALCULATE DESIGN CURRENTS IN SHELF AND STRATIFIED COASTAL WATERS

Stephen P. Murray, Myron H. Young

Abstract


Increasing use of marine environments for (a) petroleum-related structures (both explorational and production), (b) subsea mining (e.g., sulfur and salt), (c) brine disposal from onshore salt domes excavated for oil storage, and (d) offshore waste disposal has necessitated more frequent and more accurate predictions of current speeds and directions in coastal and shelf waters. No analytical techniques for such predictions of wind- and density-driven currents in coastal waters are presented at all in the Shore Protection Manual (1973). Wiegel (1964), however, does discuss wind-driven currents, but offers no modern methodologies for their application to coastal and ocean engineering problems. Simple predictive models as outlined in this paper are especially valuable in feasibility studies, where the expense of a field measurement program is not yet justified. The prediction of oil spill trajectories is another important application for these procedures.

Keywords


stratified water; shelf; design current; current; current calculations

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