INTERACTIONS OF WAVES WITH SUBMARINE TRENCHES

Jiin-Jen Lee, Robert M. Ayer, Wen-Li Chiang

Abstract


An analysis is presented for the propagation of water waves past a submarine trench of irregular shape. Two dimensional, linearized potential flow is assumed. The fluid domain is divided into two regions along the mouth of the trench. Solutions in each region are expressed in terms of the unknown normal derivative of the potential function along this common boundary with the final solution obtained by matching. Reflection and transmission coefficients are found for various submarine geometries. The accuracy of the technique employed is demonstrated by comparing with previously published results for a rectangular trench. In addition, results from limited laboratory experiments were included for comparison. The result shows that for a particular flow configuration, there exists an infinite number of discrete wave frequencies at which waves are completely transmitted.

Keywords


wave/trench interaction; submarine trenches

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