CORRECT REPRODUCTION OF GROUP-INDUCED LONG WAVES

N.E. Ottesen Hansen, Stig E. Sand, H. Lundgren, Torben Sorensen, H. Gravesen

Abstract


In nature short period storm waves generate longer waves with periods corresponding to the wave group periods. The long waves are generally referred to as the wave set-down of water level. The set-down term is of second order in the height of the short waves. With first order reproduction of natural storm waves in the laboratory, the setdown bound to the wave groups is not reproduced. As a result, various free waves are generated, propagate towards the model and reflect from the boundaries. These so-called parasitic waves cause an exaggeration of long wave phenomena, such as harbour resonance and slow drift oscillations of moored ships. The parasitic waves can be eliminated by means of compensating free waves imposed on the system by second-order paddle motion reproducing the natural set-down. The control signal for this motion has been calculated and checked by testing. The agreement between calculated and measured results is found to be good. Further, an alternative method for reducing the parasitic wave problem is presented. Utilizing the shoaling properties of the various waves, the influence of parasitic waves can be diminished by generating the waves in somewhat deeper water before they propagate into the shallower model area.

Keywords


long waves; group induced waves; wave reproduction

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