Frans Gerritsen, Suma R. Amarasinghe


As an island state with about 900 miles of coastline, Sri Lanka is endowed with a large natural resource: its 720 miles of sandy beaches. The coastal zone is under stress by a burgeoning population, living in the coastal belt, and a variety of other demands with conflicting interests. Due to natural causes and interference of men, erosion is a serious problem in the densely populated southwest part of the island. This paper describes the principal characteristics of the coastal environment and discusses the nature of some of the basic problems. In the recommendations, emphasis is placed on the setting up of an organizational structure to study the problems, both in the field and in the laboratory, with respect to the management aspects in the coastal zone.


coastal problems; Sri Lanka

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