PLANFORM INFLUENCE ON FLUSHING AND CIRCULATION IN SMALL HARBORS

Ronald E. Nece, Roger A. Falconer, Toshiro Tsutsumi

Abstract


Laboratory data showing the influence of planform geometry on the tidal flushing characteristics of small harbors of simple surface shape. The tide ranges, water depths, and planform areas are typical of those encountered in small-boat marinas in Puget Sound, Washington. Each harbor investigated had a single, asymmetric entrance. Flushing and circulation patterns within such harbors depend strongly upon the characteristics of the angular momentum established within the basin and upon the effective penetration distance into the basin of the stream of ambient water entering the harbor on the flood tide. Experimental results confirm that best gross tidal flushing occurs when rectangular harbors have an aspect ratio L/B near unity, and that rounding interior corners of the basin has little effect on the gross tidal flushing but does improve local exchange. Aspect ratios L/B less than 3 lead to the creation of more than one circulation cell (gyre) within the basin.

Keywords


small harbor; circulation; flushing; planform influence

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