Gary C. Parker, C.S. Fang, Albert Y. Kuo


Data on physical parameters in the James River around the condenser cooling water discharge of the Surry Nuclear Power Plant, taken prior to and during plant operation, were analyzed to determine the physical effects of the thermal discharge on the area and to compare the prototype distribution of excess temperature to predictions based on hydraulic model experiments. The results of this investigation indicated that the increase in water temperatures due to the thermal discharge did not represent a significant alteration of the physical environment outside the mixing zone. The thermal discharge experienced turbulent mixing and entrainment near the outfall and temperatures decreased rapidly in this region. Field data on temperature distributions around the discharge, when compared to predictions based on hydraulic model experiments, indicate that the model predictions were conservative.


thermal discharge; prototype v. model; hydraulic model

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