CALCULATIONS OF WAVES FORMED FROM SURFACE CAVITIES

Charles L. Mader

Abstract


The wave motion resulting from cavities in the ocean surface was investigated using both the long wave, shallow water model and the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. The fluid flow resulting from the calculated collapse of the cavities is significantly different for the two models. The experimentally observed flow resulting from explosively formed cavities is in better agreement with the flow calculated using the incompressible Navier-Stokes model. The resulting wave motions decay rapidly to deep water waves. Large cavities located under the surface of the ocean will be more likely to result in Tsunami waves than cavities on the surface. This is contrary to what has been suggested by the upper critical depth phenomenon.

Keywords


wave formation; surface cavity; wave calculation

Full Text: PDF

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.