MODE AND PERIOD OF SAND TRANSPORT IN THE SURF ZONE

Benno M. Brenninkmeyer

Abstract


Three almometers-water opacity measuring devices-emplaced perpendicular to the beach, measure instantaneously and continuously the sediment concentration across the surf zone. Most of the variance of the sand movement is centered in frequencies of less than 0.25 Hz and between 1.15 and 1.25 Hz. Modes and frequency of sand transport differ within each of the dynamic zones of the surf. The motion of sediment in the inner and outer surf zones is small and virtually independent of the deep water wave periods. Outside the breaker zone, bed load movement is somewhat coincident with the prevailing swell period. Lighter concentrations move predominantly with a 0.8-0.9 second periodicity. In the breaker zone, sand moves along the bottom with frequencies equal to that of both the swell and sea, but most of the power is in lower frequencies. In the breaker zone sand is rarely thrown into suspension. In the transition zone, sediment motion is largely by suspension with a period a little longer than the swell.

Keywords


surf zone; transport mode; period; sand transport

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