CHARACTERISTICS OF WAVES BROKEN BY A LONGSHORE BAR

E. Clark McNair, Robert M. Sorenson

Abstract


A two-dimensional model submerged offshore bar was installed in a Texas A&M Hydrodynamics Laboratory wave tank Monochromatic waves with a range of heights and periods were generated at this bar for three different depths of water over the bar For each wave, water surface time-histories were measured at points before and after the bar and spectral analyses of these measurements were performed The analysis of each wave record yielded an equivalent wave height which is proportional to the square root of the wave energy per unit surface area The ratio of the reformed to incident equivalent wave height is shown to relate to the ratio of incident wave height to water depth over the bar The predominant periods of the reformed waves are found to be the same as for the incident waves but the presence of energy at higher frequencies is also observed The cause of these higher frequency waves is discussed.

Keywords


breaking waves; longshore bar; bar

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