HORIZONTAL WATER PARTICLE VELOCITY OF FINITE AMPLITUDE WAVES

Yuichi Iwagaki, Tetsuo Sakai

Abstract


This paper firstly describes two methods to measure vertical distribution and time variation of horizontal water particle velocity induced "by surface waves in a wave tank These two methods consist of tracing hydrogen bubbles and using hot film anemometers, respectively Secondly, the experimental results by the two methods are presented with the theoretical curves derived from the small amplitude wave theory, Stokes wave theory of 3rd order, and the hyperbolic wave theory as an approximate expression of the cnoidal wave theory Finally, based on the comparison of the experimental data with the theoretical curves, the applicability of the finite amplitude wave theories, which has been studied for the wave profile, wave velocity, wave length and wave crest height, is discussed from view point of the water particle velocity.

Keywords


particle velocity; finite amplitude; horizontal velocity

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