AKMON ARMOUR UNIT FOR COVER LAYERS OF RUBBLE MOUND BREAKWATERS

A. Paape, A.W. Walther

Abstract


A new specially shaped concrete block, the "Akmon", to be used as armour unit for protective cover layers of rubble mound breakwaters is presented. The characteristics as have been derived from laboratory tests are compared with those of various other types of blocks. Some considerations are given on the design procedure for cover layers, as it appears that this procedure has an influence on the block-type and -weight to be chosen. If armour units have to be placed at random, which is in many oases an imperative necessity, the akmon appears to be one of the most suitable blocks developed up till now. For two different breakwaters, the results are given of model investigations concerning the stability under the attack of waves generated by a wave board and wind.

Keywords


Akmon armor unit; rubble mount; breakwater design; cover layer

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