EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES OF SPECIALLY SHAPED CONCRETE BLOCKS FOR ABSORBING WAVE ENERGY

Shoshichiro Nagai

Abstract


Laboratory tests were performed to determine wave energy absorbing ability of and stability characteristics against breaking waves of various shaped pre-cast concrete armor units used for protective cover layers on the seaward slopes of rubblemound breakwaters and for parallel dykes placed the offshore sides of seawalls. A new shape of armor units, a hollow tetrahedron concrete block with a porosity of 25 percentages in the body was proved to have better characteristics for wave energy absorbing ability and attenuation of wave run-up, as well as for stability against breaking waves also than tetrapod or other armor units used up-to-date.

Keywords


stability; concrete armor; rubblemound breakwater; wave runup

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