THE EFFECT OF SEEPAGE ON THE STABILITY OF SEA WALL

F. E. Richart, Jr., J. H. Schmertmann

Abstract


Vertical bulkheads, or retaining walls of the sheet-pile type, are often used as sea walls at locations not subjected to continuous or severe wave action. Many miles of this type sea wall have been constructed along the Florida coast and coastline of the United States and have given satisfactory service. However, the failures of vertical seawalls which continue to occur during mild storms indicate that the design procedures available, or actually used, may be inadequate.

Keywords


seawall design; seepage; seawall stability

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