THE SOLITARY WAVE: ITS CELERITY, PROFILE, INTERNAL VELOCITIES AND AMPLITUDE ATTENUATION IN A HORIZONTAL SMOOTH CHANNEL

James W. Daily, Samuel C. Stephan, Jr.

Abstract


The solitary wave consists of a single elevation of water above the originally undisturbed level as shown in Figure 1. It is translatory, a passing wave causing a definite net horizontal displacement of the liquid. While the characteristics of oscillatory waves depend on wave length as well as wave height and water depth, the solitary wave is apparently described completely by the wave height and water depth so long as attenuation due to friction is unimportant.

Keywords


wave mechanics; solitary waves; wave attenuation

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