EXPERIMENTAL AND NUMERICAL MODELING OF TSUNAMI LOADING ON STRUCTURES

Ioan Nistor, Dan Palermo, Andrew Cornett, Taofiq Al-Faesly

Abstract


The results of a comprehensive research program on tsunami-induced forces on infrastructure located in coastal areas are presented. This research project is the result of an extensive interdisciplinary project (coastal and structural engineering) which spanned over the past five years and which included several field data reconnaissance missions, as well as analytical, experimental and numerical modeling of the extreme hydrodynamic forces on buildings and their component structural elements. The purpose of this research and engineering project is to elucidate the complex hydrodynamic mechanisms of the impact and extreme loadings on buildings and to properly quantify loads and further propose and derive new formulations for the design of structures located in the vicinity of the shoreline in tsunami-prone coastal areas.

Keywords


tsunami; coastal inundation; extreme hydrodynamic forces; tsunami loading; numerical modeling; SPH (Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics) Method

References


Chanson, H. 2005. Analytical solution of dam-break wave with flow resistance: Application to tsunami surges, Proceedings 31st Biennial IAHR Congress, Seoul, Korea, 0137, 3341-3353.

Chanson, H. 2006. Tsunami surges on dry coastal plains: Application of dam break wave equations, Coastal Engineering Journal, JSCE, 48(4), 355-370.http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0578563406001477

Dalrymple, R. A., and B. D. Rogers. 2006. Numerical modeling of water waves with the SPH method, Coastal Engineering, 53(2-3), 141-147. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.coastaleng.2005.10.004

FEMA 55. 2000. Coastal Construction Manual, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, D.C., USA.

FEMA P646. 2008. Guidelines for Design of Structures for Vertical Evacuation from Tsunamis, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, D.C., USA.

Gingold, R. A. and Monaghan, J. J. 1977. Smoothed particle hydrodynamics: theory and application to non-spherical stars, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 181, 375-389.

Gomez-Gesteira, M., and R.A. Dalrymple. 2004. Using a 3D SPH Method for Wave Impact on a Tall Structure, J. Waterways, Port, Coastal, Ocean Engineering, ASCE, 130(2), 63-69.

Gomez-Gesteira, G., B.D. Rogers, R.A. Dalrymple, A.J.C. Crespo, and M. Narayanaswamy 2009. User

Guide for the SPHysics code, 73 p.

Ghobarah, A., M. Saatcioglu, and I. Nistor. 2006. The impact of 26 December 2004 earthquake and tsunami on structures and infrastructure, Engineering Structures, Elsevier, 28, 312-326.

Johnson, G. R., R.A. Stryk, and S.R. Beissel. 1996. SPH for high velocity impact computations, Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 139(1-4), 347-373.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0045-7825(96)01089-4

Lucy, L. B. 1977. A numerical approach to the testing of the fission hypothesis, The Astronomical Journal, 82(12), 1013-1024.http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/112164

Nirupama, N., K. Ponnambalam, I. Nistor, and T. Murty. 2007. Tsunami Travel Time Atlas for the Atlantic Ocean, York University Printing Services, Toronto, 165 p.PMid:17516309

Nistor, I., M. Saatcioglu and A. Ghobarah. 2005. The 26 December 2004 Earthquake and Tsunami -Hydrodynamic forces on physical infrastructure in Thailand and Indonesia, Proceedings 2005 Canadian Coastal Engineering Conference., Halifax, Canada, CD-ROM, 15pp.

Nistor, I., D. Palermo, Y. Nouri, T. Murty, and M. Saatcioglu. 2009. Tsunami forces on structures, Chapter 11, Handbook of Coastal and Ocean Engineering, World Scientific, 261-286.

Nouri, Y., I. Nistor, D. Palermo, and A. Cornett. 2010. Experimental investigation of the tsunami impact on free standing structures, Coastal Engineering Journal, JSCE, 52 (1), 43–70. http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0578563410002117

Nouri, Y. 2008. The Impact of Hydraulic Bores and Debris on Free Standing Structures, M.A.Sc. Thesis, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Ottawa, Canada, 136 pp.

Okada, T., T. Sugano, T. Ishikawa, T. Ohgi, S. Takai, and C. Hamabe. 2005. Structural design methods of buildings for tsunami resistance, (SMBTR), the Building Centre of Japan.

Palermo, D., I. Nistor, Y. Nouri, and A. Cornett. 2009. Tsunami loading of nearshore structures: a premier, Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, NRC, 1804-1815.

Parshikov, A. N. 1999. Application of a solution of the Riemann problem to the SPH method, Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Physics, 39, 1173.

Saatcioglu, M., Ghobarah, A., Nistor, I., 2006. Performance of structures in Indonesia during the 2004

Sumatra earthquake and tsunami, Earthquake Spectra, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, ASCE, 22(S3), 295-320.

Tomita, T., F. Imamura, T. Arikawa, T. Yasuda, and Y. Kawata. 2006. Damage caused by the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami on the south-western coast of Sri Lanka, Coastal Engineering Journal, JSCE, 48(2), 99-116. http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0578563406001362

Yamamoto, Y., H. Takanashi, S. Hettiarachchi, and S. Samarawickrama. 2006. Verification of the destruction mechanism of structures in Sri Lanka and Thailand due to the Indian Ocean tsunami, Coastal Engineering Journal, JSCE, 48(2), 117-146.http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0578563406001374

Yeh, H., and K. M. Mok. 1990. On turbulence in bores, Phys. Fluids, A2, 821-828.

Yeh, H. 1991. Tsunami bore runup, Natural Hazards, 4, 209-220.http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00162788

Yeh, H., I. Robertson, and J. Preuss. 2005. Development of design guidelines for structures that serve as tsunami vertical evacuation sites, Report No 2005-4, Washington Dept. of Natural Resources.


Full Text: PDF

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.