Xiuying Xing, Jiin-Jen Lee, Fredric Raichlen


Wave induced oscillation at Bay of Fundy has been studied using a numerical model. From the response characteristics obtained it is seen that the fundamental mode of oscillation at the Bay of Fundy region coincides with the tidal period. The resonant mode of oscillation at the tidal period (12.42 hr) helps explain why Bay of Fundy has the largest tidal range in the world. The numerical results compared well with the tidal records at thirteen tide gauge stations in Bay of Fundy. Discussion also includes numerical results and field measurements at Crescent City harbor and at Los Angeles/Long Beach harbor to show the relationship of the characteristic length of the harbor basin with the resonant periods computed and measured. It is found that the resonant phenomena at these three harbors occurred on normal days although they are very different in size.


Harbor Resonance; Resonant mode; Wave Induced Oscillation; Long Wave; Bay of Fundy


Berkhoff, J.C.W. 1972. Computation of combined refraction-diffraction, Proc. 13th Coast. Eng. Conf., ASCE, New York, N.Y., 471-490.

Garrett, C. 1972. Tidal resonance in the Bay of Fundy and Gulf of Maine. Nature, 238, 441–443.http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/238441a0

Garrett, C. 1974. Normal resonance in the Bay of Fundy and Gulf of Maine. Can. J. Earth Sci., Vol. 4, 549–556. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/e74-049

Greenberg, D.A. 1979. A numerical model investigation of tidal phenomena in the Bay of Fundy and Gulf of Maine. Marine Geodesy, Vol. 2, No. 2, 161-187. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15210607909379345

Lee, J.J. and X.Y. Xing. 2008. Computer modeling for harbor planning and design, Handbook of Coastal and Ocean Engineering (Edited by Y.C. Kim), World Scientific, 695-722. PMCid:2903122

Lee, J.J., X.Y. Xing, and O. Magoon. 2008. Uncovering the basin resonance at Crescent City

Harbor region, Proceedings of ICCE 2008, Vol.2, 1210-1222.

Marmer, H.A. 1922. Tides in the Bay of Fundy, Geographical Review, Vol. 12, No. 2, 195-205.http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/208736

Proudman, J. 1953. Dynamical oceanography, Methuen-Wiley, London, 409 pp.

Rao, D.B. 1968. Natural oscillations of the Bay of Fundy. J. Fish. Res. Bd. Can., Vol. 25, 1097-1114. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/f68-097

Xing, X.Y., J.J. Lee, and F. Raichlen. 2008. Comparison of computed basin response at San Pedro Bay with long period wave records, Proceedings of ICCE 2008, Vol.2, 1223-1235.

Full Text: PDF

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.