WHAT DETERMINES NEARSHORE SANDBAR RESPONSE?

Marije W.J. Smit, Ad J.H.M. Reniers, Marcel J.F. Stive

Abstract


Nearshore sandbars appear with various patterns which may change over time. From observations, these changes seem to be related to changes in hydrodynamic conditions, although observed length scales could not be related directly to occurring wave conditions. The current work investigated the role of both the concurrent and previous hydrodynamics as well as the role of the pre-existing morphological variability of a nearshore bar system. A suite of modeling efforts using a depth-averaged process-based model was analysed on predicted length scales, response times and evolving levels of variability. It was found that with small or moderate hydrodynamic forcing, an existing pattern would remain. Only when the existing pattern was alongshore uniform, the bar pattern would change in response to the conditions. When the hydrodynamic conditions are extreme, an existing pattern can be erased, resulting in an alongshore uniform bathymetry – a reset-event.

Keywords


nearshore sandbars; morphodynamics; patterns; process-based modeling;

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