Bing Yan, Qing-He Zhang, Michael Lamb


We analyzed oscillating flow data from U-tube experiments by Lamb et al. (2004) and found that the time-averaged turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) near bed decreased exponentially with height above the bed in high-density-suspension (HDS) flows under waves, and that the ratios of TKE distributions in the streamwise, cross-stream, and vertical dimensions were constant. Based on the finite-mixing-length theory, a semi-theoretical time-averaged suspended sediment concentration model for HDS was developed. To avoid the stability problems with the numerical solution, a simplified model was also formulated through combing the apparent Fickian diffusivity and the damping function. The comparison between the calculated results and measurements shows both models consider the effect of the sediment-induced stratification well.


high density suspension; vertical concentration distribution; turbulent mixing; turbulent kinetic energy; waves; silt


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