Shigeru Kato, Magnus Larson, Takumi Okabe, Shin-ichi Aoki


Turbidity data obtained by field observations off the Tenryu River mouth were analyzed using the Hilbert-Huang Transform (HHT) in order to investigate the characteristic variations in time and in the frequency domain. The Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) decomposed the original data into only eight intrinsic mode functions (IMFs) and a residue in the first step of the HHT. In the second step, the Hilbert transform was applied to the IMFs to calculate the Hilbert spectrum, which is the time-frequency distribution of the instantaneous frequency and energy. The changes in instantaneous frequencies showed correspondence to high turbidity events in the Hilbert spectrum. The investigation of instantaneous frequency variations can be used to understand transitions in the state of the turbidity. The comparison between the Fourier spectrum and the Hilbert spectrum integrated in time showed that the Hilbert spectrum makes it possible to detect and quantify the cycle of locally repeated events.


Hilbert-Huang Transform; instantaneous frequency; turbidity; Hilbert spectrum


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