HYDRODYNAMIC PERFORMANCE OF A FREE SURFACE SEMICIRCULAR PERFORATED BREAKWATER

Hee Min Teh, Vengatesan Venugopal, Tom Bruce

Abstract


The increasing importance of the sustainability challenge in coastal engineering has led to the development of free surface breakwaters of various configurations. In this study, the hydrodynamic characteristics of a perforated semicircular free surface breakwater (SCB) are investigated for irregular wave conditions. The hydrodynamic performance of the breakwater is evaluated in the form of transmission, reflection and energy dissipation coefficients, which are then presented as a function of the relative submergence depth (D/d) and the relative breakwater width (B/Lp), where D = the depth of immersion, d = the water depth, B = the breakwater width and Lp = the wavelength corresponding to the peak wave period. It is found that the wave attenuation ability of the SCB model improves with the increase of D/d and B/Lp. The SCB performs better as an energy dissipater than as a wave reflector. Based on the analysis of measured data, some empirical equations are proposed to predict the performance of the breakwater under varying submergence depths. The behaviour of wave transformation around and within the breakwater’s chamber is discussed. Also, the measured horizontal wave forces acting on the SCB are reported.

Keywords


semicircular breakwater; wave transmission; wave reflection; energy dissipation; wave force

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