STABILITY AND ENGINEERING EFFECT OF SHOALS AND CHANNELS IN CAOFEIDIAN DEEP-WATER HARBOR AREA, CHINA

Yongjun Lu, Rongyao Ji, Liqin Zuo

Abstract


Caofeidian sea area is the only natural site suitable for building a large-sized berth of 300 000 tons without excavation of waterways and harbor basins in Bohai Bay. In Caofeidian harbor area, the stability of the shoals-inlets coastal system under natural conditions is a key point. The harbor could be developed only if the coastal system is stable. In this paper the characteristics of waves, tidal currents, sedimentation and seabed evolution in the Caofeidian shoal area is briefly described, and the trend of stability of shoals and channels is predicted based on research on the coastal system formation. Engineering effect of some projects, such as the dam linking the Caofeidian Island and the coastline, the shoal reclamation and ore terminal construction, is also studied. The analysis show that deposition and erosion of the seabed in front of Caofeidian foreland will reach its equilibrium in 2~3 years after the implementation of the proposed scheme.

Keywords


evolution of shoals and channels; stability; deep-water harbor; Caofeidian; Bohai Bay

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